Friday, September 13, 2019

Looking upriver: What's next for the Walla Walla watershed?

Stakeholders invited to help plan how water is managed into the year 2050

A turtle floats on a pond near Walla Walla, Washington. An October workshop will ask participants to envision the ideal future of the Walla Walla basin from the perspective of a variety of interests, including communities, farmers, fish and wildlife.
A Walla Walla River Basin users group is evolving from a pilot program into a partnership prepared to plan the next 30 years of watershed management.

Meeting the region’s water needs has been a decades-long challenge for this complex watershed that includes two states and involves farmers, communities and the Umatilla Tribe. The basin has struggled to keep sufficient flows in the river for fish while supporting an agricultural economy.

In October, stakeholders from Washington and Oregon will refocus and build on the Walla Walla Watershed Management Partnership to create a long-term water strategy. Ecology’s Office of Columbia River will lead the effort, in conjunction with the partnership and the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation.

This new phase, dubbed Walla Walla Water 2050, enlists irrigators, conservationists and private citizens along with representatives from tribal, federal, state and local governments and agencies to map out the watershed’s future.

“We’re looking for people with an interest in the basin to attend the workshop and share insights on how Walla Walla Basin water should be managed to meet growing demands over the coming decades,” said Tom Tebb, director of Ecology’s Office of Columbia River.

Stakeholders may register to participate in the two-day strategic planning workshop that runs from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. on Oct. 3, and 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. on Oct. 4 at Walla Walla Community College, 500 Tausick Way in Walla Walla.

The first day of the workshop will include opening remarks by partnership leaders, as well as small group visioning exercises followed by a shared discussion. The groups will be divided into areas of interest, including recreation and tourism, fish and instream resources, agriculture, rural vitality and several others.

The second day will consist of a day one review, followed by fishbowl sessions to focus the elements, interests and outcomes that should be included in a strategic plan. A full agenda will be posted to our website prior to the workshop.

The Walla Walla River runs through dozens of farms and communities.

A history of collaboration

Over the last decade, the Walla Walla Management Partnership developed local water plans and water banking agreements that protect more than 20,500 acre-feet of water rights from “use it or lose it” relinquishment. The group also worked with stakeholders across the border, including Oregon’s Walla Walla Basin Watershed Council, to examine big-picture water resource issues and preserve stream flows at crucial times of the year.

Still, the projects have not adequately achieved streamflow goals, and aquifers continue to decline, according to a 2018 report to the Legislature.

“The pilot period has proven that although the partnership has done as much as possible with its current authority, that authority and structure have proven insufficient to address the complexity and magnitude of current and future water resource challenges,” the report stated.

This spring, the Legislature took the report’s recommendation and gave the partnership a two-year extension to collaborate with Ecology and develop the Walla Walla Water 2050 watershed plan. This effort begins with the two-day workshop, intended to kick-start a strategy for moving forward.

“We’ve been very successful implementing similar programs in other river basins. The Yakima Basin Integrated Water Management Plan is cited nationally as a model for how water management issues should be addressed,” Tebb said. “We’re hopeful to do the same in this important bi-state watershed.”

The planning process will result in a report that is due to the Legislature by November 2020, and a strategic plan that is due by June 2021.

Questions on the Oct. 3-4 workshop? Email Leigh Bedell or call 360-407-6017.

Boots on the ground: Serving in the Shenandoah

Our WCC AmeriCorps members serve for 11-month terms restoring habitat for salmon and wildlife, building and enhancing trails, and assisting communities after local or national disasters. Below, a member reflects on her recent experience on a disaster response deployment to Iowa.

My name is Olivia Sohn, and I serve as an AmeriCorps member and assistant supervisor on a Washington Conservation Corps field crew based out of Issaquah. With our crew supervisor Chelsea Krimme, we complete a variety of habitat restoration and trail enhancement projects across Western Washington.

My crew and I spent most of July on a disaster response deployment to Iowa, supporting communities affected by severe flooding in Spring 2019. The timing of disaster response deployments can be unpredictable; this opportunity came right as my family was visiting me in Washington from my home state of New Jersey. Just when I thought I would be driving around the Pacific Northwest with my family, showing them where I have been living for the last year and a half, I was instead packing for a 30-day deployment.

Four AmeriCorps members, wearing shirts with AmeriCorps logos, stand in front of a blue truck crossing their arms.
L to R: AmeriCorps members Tyler Ambrose, Olivia Sohn, Melanie McMillan, and Joe Merrill in Shenandoah, Iowa.*

Iowa recovers from major flooding 

Iowa experienced more snowfall than usual this past winter. In March 2019, the combination of warm temperatures and heavy rainfall caused snowmelt and rainwater to run off the already-saturated soils into the Missouri River. The river swelled to more than 30 feet near the city of Council Bluffs and breached more than 40 levees in Western Iowa. In July, the WCC sent two field crews and three crew supervisors to help suppress mold, remove debris, and muck and gut homes in Mills and Fremont Counties.

Anticipation builds

My first deployment was to Florida in December 2018, responding to the aftermath of Hurricane Michael. It took time for me to adhere to the level of flexibility that deployments demand. We moved to three different living spaces in the span of two weeks, and I learned that the combination of tackling unfamiliar projects in a new state while adjusting to new living spaces was overwhelming for me. I felt nervous on the plane ride to Iowa, anticipating my second deployment. I also felt motivated to overcome the stress I felt on my last deployment and to keep our mission at the center of my thoughts.

We stayed in the beautiful town of Shenandoah — or “The Shan” as people from surrounding towns called it. Our housing facility was a spacious, amenable community center called The Armory. I would be a strike team lead, and Chelsea was Chief of Operations and Logistics. After a couple of days of classroom training on mold suppression and field training led by WCC supervisors, my crew headed to our first house.

Six people gather for a photo in front of a house with a large blue tarp installed on the roof. Five are AmeriCorps members wearing blue shirts, and one is the crew supervisor wearing a purple sweatshirt.
The crew gathers for a photo after installing a tarp on a home in Florida.*

Serving as a strike team lead

In Florida, we spent most of the time installing blue tarps on homeowners’ roofs. I had no prior experience with muck and gut or mold suppression — our primary activities in Iowa — so I relied on my more experienced teammates when I had questions. Fellow WCC AmeriCorps member Sammy Craven co-led field teams and brought valuable knowledge and leadership skills. Each day, we suited up in protective Tyvek suits and respirators and served in two teams for 30-minute shifts at a time, suppressing mold in water-damaged homes. The weather was hot and humid, so it was critical to take breaks often.

Being a strike team lead when you are not the most technically experienced person on the team is a good lesson in leadership. Because I did not have all of the answers, it was important to consider the skills and knowledge of my teammates and strategically break them up into strong groups to enter the house for each shift. I think it is easy to feel flustered when you do not have all the answers, but utilizing available resources, including my teammates, the Incident Command Staff, and our crew supervisors, helped us succeed. 

Two AmeriCorps members are wearing full bodied, white, Tyvek protective suits and yellow hard hats while removing water-damaged material from a home.
Tyler Ambrose and Ryan Grate muck and gut a home in Percival, Iowa.*

Collaboration, inspiration, and motivation 

We were fortunate to serve with other AmeriCorps programs, including Habitat for Humanity and the National Civilian Conservation Corps. The Habitat for Humanity crew was very knowledgeable in construction and enthusiastic to help those in need. 

The energy of everyone around me was the most inspiring part of this deployment. The Incident Command Staff was dedicated to making the biggest impact that we could in our thirty days. Every morning and afternoon, the crews all worked together to load and unload trucks. It was exciting at the end of the day to hear about what the other crews and assessment teams accomplished. WCC staff and members took turns cooking dinner for the group. All this effort and energy made it feel like we were functioning as one large, multi-faceted team.

Moments of celebration amidst recovery

It was rewarding to interact and connect with homeowners on deployment. Disaster response brings you right into people’s homes and lives — it has an unavoidably personal nature. One day, we helped a kind woman named Sally sort through her personal items in her home after the water level came down. Deciding which items could stay and which should go was an emotional process. Sally was happy to share pictures of her son and late husband with us as we found them. One of my favorite moments was when we found a key to her safe that she thought she had lost. My fellow AmeriCorps member Tyler, Sally, and I all raised our arms into the air and cheered. Similar to the moments when we looked at pictures with Sally, it was a lighthearted, exciting moment on a difficult, emotionally tolling day.  

Two AmeriCorps members carry a water-damaged dryer across a lawn. They are wearing white Tyvek protectives suits and yellow hard hats.
Tyler Ambrose and Olivia Sohn remove a dryer from Sally's home in Iowa.*

Returning home to Washington state after living with this high-energy hive mentality for weeks was difficult. It was hard to leave Iowa with so much work left unfinished. On the plane ride home, I thought back to a moment from the flight to Iowa when the pilot announced the presence of our AmeriCorps Disaster Response Team on the plane. After being a part of the disaster response deployment in Iowa, I feel very proud to have served side by side with everyone. 

By: Olivia Sohn, WCC AmeriCorps member 
*Photos contributed by Olivia Sohn

Join WCC

We are currently accepting applications for 11-month members! Learn more and apply on our website. Ecology's Washington Conservation Corps, an AmeriCorps program, provides hands-on experience, field skills, and training opportunities to young adults between 18 and 25 and military veterans. WCC consists of three subprograms: the original WCC, Veteran Conservation Corps and Puget SoundCorps. 

Thursday, September 12, 2019

How woody debris becomes orca food

Southern Resident killer whales feed on Chinook salmon that rely

on degrading logs for spawning in the Yakima Basin floodplains


Last month, I was lucky enough to tag along with a large group of Yakima River Basin stakeholders to witness firsthand a massive floodplain restoration project in the Teanaway Community Forest that will benefit Southern Resident orcas.

As we arrived at the first staging area, the sounds of a tandem rotor helicopter could be heard long before we could see it. Looking in the direction of the sound, I saw a bundle of large tree trunks lifted into the sky, on their way to their new home in the Teanaway River.

“Why on earth are we dumping logs into a waterway? " you may ask. "And what does this have to do with our Southern Resident Killer Whales?”

Well, let's look at the Southern Resident killer whales and their diet.

Orcas feed at Columbia River mouth

Our resident orcas hunt near the mouth of the Columbia River from January to April, which just happens to be the same time spring Chinook are schooling for their upstream migration to their spawning grounds high in the Cascades.

The Chinook’s large size and high fat content provide orcas with the high calories vital to maintaining their health and replenish fat reserves that will get them through leaner times.

Spring Chinook and other salmon species begin their life in streams and rivers that provide clean and cool water spawning grounds. This important habitat is found throughout the Columbia River Basin, including the Teanaway River and its tributaries in the Yakima River Basin.

However, Chinook numbers are in peril. Along with  the overall declining numbers of salmon species, the orcas' food source is becoming scarcer and scarcer. The survival and recovery of our resident orca population hinges on an adequate source of food available year round.

Orca feeds on Chinook salmon (Photo by John Durban (NOAA Fisheries/Southwest Fisheries Science Center)

The Yakima Basin Integrated Plan and the Teanaway Community Forest

For over a century, loggers and settlers in the Teanaway altered the landscape to meet their needs. This included the removal of woody debris from these waterways to allow for the easy transportation of timber downstream. Their actions degraded floodplains, reduced channel diversity, increased stream incisement, and devastated vital spawning and rearing habitat for both anadromous and resident fish.

In 2013, the legislature appropriated funds for the state to purchase the 50,000-plus acres in the Teanaway from a private landowner. That same year, the Teanaway was designated as the first community forest in the state. Community forests are managed not only for habitat restoration, conservation, and preservation, but also as a sustainable working forest.

As a sustainable working forest, grazing, logging, and recreational opportunities are overseen in a way to avoid critical habitats and restoration areas, while maintaining a healthy ecosystem. Restoration of both upland and aquatic habitat, as outlined in the Teanaway Community Forest Management Plan, is key to restoring the Teanaway’s overall health. This includes floodplains.

By restoring the floodplain, we are also restoring both aquatic and surrounding upland habitats. Flood events are when the magic happens.
During flood events, the logs and root wads placed in strategic locations slow streamflows by forcing the water to move over the wide and flat adjacent floodplain. As the water spreads across the floodplain, it puts its habitat enhancing powers to work.

Floodplains not only help control streamflows during flood events, they also:
  • Act as a sponge to refresh the groundwater table
  • Provide resting pools for fish
  • Increase stream channel diversity
  • Reduce flood damage risks downstream
  • Create and maintain vital spawning and rearing habitat for spring Chinook and other anadromous and resident fish

The Tour

Inspecting Jungle Creek we got a close up look at what appeared to be a healthy stream, with its crystal clear water and a streambed lined with large beautifully rounded rocks. However, its appearance was deceptive of its true health, according to our tour guide, Scott Nicolai with the Yakama Nation. He explained how despite the looks of the stream, it is actually degraded to the point that fish can no longer be supported.

“It’s important to recognize that we are only giving the stream what it needs to recover from decades of degradation, the stream does the rest of the restoration itself (during high flows),” Nicolai said.

Large wood, placed in Jack Creek in 2012.
Our next stop was at nearby Jack Creek where large logs have already been placed in the stream. This gave us an idea of what Jungle Creek and other creeks will look like once they've been restored with logs and woody debris. The first thing I noticed was how the logs looked like they were always a part of the landscape, blending in easily with the surrounding habitat.

We are eager to see the results of the Jack Creek floodplain restoration once a large flood event occurs.

Project Sites

In 2018, the Teanaway Floodplain Restoration project restored approximately 150 acres of floodplains by placing more than 5,500 logs in 8 miles of Teanaway tributaries including:
  • Jungle Creek
  • Rye Creek
  • Lick Creek
  • Indian Creek
  • Middle Creek
  • Dickey Creek
  • First Creek
  • Carlson Creek
This year, logs and root wads were placed in approximately three miles on the North Fork Teanaway. We anticipate additional large wood floodplain restoration work to continue in 2020. Additional Floodplain Restoration project sites outside of the Teanaway Community Forest will place over 5,400 logs in 24 miles of creeks and rivers including:

  • Swauk Creek
  • Umtanum Creek
  • North Fork Manastash Creek
  • Little Naches River
  • Little Rattlesnake Creek
  • Satus Creek

In addition to the Teanaway Floodplain Restoration project, the Yakima Basin Integrated Plan supports a wide variety of projects benefiting the farms, families and fish of the Yakima River Basin including our fish passage project at Cle Elum Dam and the Kachess Drought Relief Pumping Plant water supply project. For additional information regarding the Yakima Basin Integrated Plan, please visit our Department of Ecology website.

For more information regarding the Yakama Nation Fisheries Floodplain Restoration project, please visit their website, or contact Scott Nicolai, project manager, at

Some factoids

  • More than 80 percent of the Southern Resident orcas' diet consists of Chinook salmon
  • The average orca must consume 18-25 adult salmon daily just to meet its energy requirements
  • The Southern Resident population must catch a minimum of 1,400 salmon daily to sustain their calorie needs, which adds up to at least half a million salmon a year
  • For the population to grow to 140 whales, an allowance of one million salmon a year is required
  • Female salmon lay 2,000 to 10,000 eggs; less than one percent survive and return to their spawning grounds to produce the next generation.

By Jennifer Stephens, Environmental Specialist, Office of Columbia River

Wednesday, September 11, 2019

State adds airboat to its oil spill response toolbox

The new airboat cruises over the water. 

The state of Washington can now get closer to oil spills using the power of air.

The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW), using a grant from the Department of Ecology, bought an airboat to access shallow and hard-to-reach areas for their aquatic weed management program and for oil spill response when needed. The Ecology grant also funded advanced training for the WDFW airboat operators.

“This is solving two problems at once,” said Darcy Bird, Oil Spill Preparedness Planner for the Department of Ecology. “Fish and Wildlife needed an airboat and we need airboat capability in the event of an oil spill. This helps both our departments.”

Department of Ecology Oil Spill
Preparedness Planner Darcy Bird
Bird reviews contingency plans and geographic response plans, known as GRPs. The plans guide responses to oil spills. GRPs set out strategies tailored to specific locations at risk of oil spills. The strategies are designed to minimize impacts to sensitive environmental, cultural, and economic resources.

At the end of July, Bird, a staff member of the WDFW Oil Spill Team, and a representative of an oil spill primary response contractor used the new craft to evaluate areas around Samish Bay, north of Anacortes and south of Bellingham. The area has a number of sensitive resources that may need protection during an oil spill.

“Samish Bay is so unique,” said Bird. “I’ve never had the opportunity to see eelgrass beds that closely. With a typical boat, you can’t go into eelgrass beds because it will harm the bed and damage the boat propeller, but the airboat glides over everything effortlessly.”

The boat operates in water, little water, or no water at all. Bird was able to use the airboat to evaluate some of the GRP strategies and the logistics of deploying them.  Most of the strategies were confirmed, although a couple of the sites were hard to access, leading Ecology to reevaluate strategies in those areas.

For spill responses, the airboat can be used to rapidly move staff into difficult-to-access areas to do site assessments, sampling efforts, and even wildlife operations. “Now that we did this, we can also go to other shallow environments in places like Grays Harbor and Willapa Bay to conduct the same GRP work,” said Bird. “Collaboration is a big focus when updating geographic response plans and we all work together to make sure these plans are protective of the resources we have in the state.”

For more information on geographic response plans and oil spills, visit our Oil Spills 101 webpage, which has all the state’s geographic response plans and contact information.

Ecology provides equipment and training grants – such as the grant used to purchase the airboat – to help local communities and other organizations prepare for and respond to spills. For more information on grants and the application process, visit our website.

Monday, September 9, 2019

Cleaning up: Bellingham community active in Waterfront cleanup outreach

View from the air looking toward a waterfront and city and a snow-capped mountain in the distance.t
Cleaning up Central Waterfront site is transforming Bellingham Bay
Stroll along the Bellingham waterfront today and you’ll see changes – a new public park with an award-winning restored beach, a restored Granary Building, and a new downtown city block complete with new roads, sidewalks, and bike paths.

All of these changes were made possible by first addressing contamination from a history of industrial activity. 

Contamination cleanup work continues at multiple sites along the Bellingham waterfront, which will foster more changes over the coming years. One of those sites is the Central Waterfront site.

An aerial view of Central Waterfront site
Center of it all
The Central Waterfront site is located on the waterfront between two waterways. Four other Ecology cleanup sites are in the area: two in-water sediment sites (Whatcom Waterway and I & J Waterway) and two upland sites (Georgia-Pacific West and the Holly Street Landfill).

“Win-Win” outreach partnerships
RE Sources for Sustainable Communities hosted a walking tour of the Central Waterfront site on July 10. They shared information about cleanup activities and connected the community with agency staff managing the cleanup efforts. On this rainy, overcast July weekday, about 40 curious folks joined RE Sources, Ecology, the Port of Bellingham, and City of Bellingham as we all toured the site. We saw the working waterfront in action, learned of previous cleanup work, and discussed planned cleanup work.

We award Public Participation Grants to individuals and nonprofit organizations like RE Sources who do outreach about contaminated sites. They received a grant starting July 1 and hit the ground running just days later with a Central Waterfront site tour. Opportunities like this enable the community to see a cleanup site in person while having conversations with the people managing a cleanup. It’s a “win-win”  for us, other agencies and organizations, and most importantly for the community.

Adults and children gathered outside listening to someone talk.
Our Public Participation Grants allow communities groups to do outreach,
like providing tours of cleanup sites on Bellingham Bay.
Future generations
We were lucky to have many youth join in the tour conversation. It served as a perfect reminder of why we do such cleanups, for current AND future generations.

Our youngest tour members innocently asked how they could help clean up the site while we walked. A great reminder to keep an eye out for litter while we work to address the chemical contamination.

A middle school group studying environmental and social justice in their summer program also attended the tour and learned how cleanups involve an entire community.

Public participation
Washington’s environmental cleanup law, the Model Toxics Control Action (MTCA), began as a public-initiated law and it turns 30 this year. Many steps of the MTCA cleanup process involve public participation. Your comments help inform Ecology’s management decisions.

Ecology invites you to review and comment on a draft Cleanup Action Plan and associated documents for the Central Waterfront site. The plan calls for a combination of removing and capping contaminated soil, monitoring conditions, and restricting uses.

During our first 30-day comment period, we received several requests for a public meeting, so we’ve scheduled a meeting for 6-8 p.m. on September 18 at  Bellingham Markerspace, 1000 F St., Bellingham. See this map for directions. 

You can submit comments online during our second 30-day comment period from September 16 – October 15, 2019.

Cleanup site information

By Ian Fawley, Community Outreach and Environmental Education Specialist, Toxics Cleanup Program

Thursday, September 5, 2019

After the dam: Using nature’s blueprint to rebuild a stream

A remote northeast Washington creek is getting its groove back after more than a century, following removal of Mill Pond Dam.

Sullivan Creek flows for 16 miles through forested mountains to the Pend Oreille River. But for 108 years, the creek widened to become Mill Pond three miles upstream from the town of Metaline Falls. The Inland Portland Cement Company built a log crib dam there in 1909, upgraded to a concrete structure a few years later.

A pedestrian walkway now marks the site of the Mill Pond Dam, which
was removed over several months in 2017 and 2018.

Deconstructing a dam

Mill Pond Dam eventually became part of a hydroelectric facility owned by the Pend Oreille Public Utility District (PUD), but it didn’t produce hydropower for the past 50 years. The PUD agreed to surrender its operator’s license and remove the dam to avoid continued upkeep costs, and Seattle City Light took over responsibility to mitigate relicensing of their Boundary Hydroelectric Project.

The Washington Department of Ecology helped regulate the dam’s deconstruction – done in stages over several months in 2017 and 2018 – to reduce impacts on native fish populations, flooding and water quality. Ecology worked on a permitting strategy that put Seattle City Light on a path toward meeting requirements with flexibility for using natural processes to help the stream rediscover its course.

“Sometimes we’re lucky enough to be involved in projects that challenge our preconceived notions and require creative thinking,” said Ecology Project Manager Jacob McCann. “The end result is a win for the Sullivan Creek watershed and a testament to the power of collaboration.” 

Once Mill Pond was drained, engineers designed and constructed a route
for Sullivan Creek to follow. The channel is expected to move over time.

Reconstructing a riverbed

Last fall, a flushed out Mill Pond reservoir left 64 acres of fertile, silty soil primed for a botanical comeback. Seattle City Light has since been working to prevent invasive weeds and establish thousands of native plants and saplings in various clusters across the site.

“Nature doesn’t plant things on eight-foot centers. It deposits seeds in particular places at particular times,” said Lloyd Dixon, the Seattle City Light project manager entrusted with site restoration. “We tried to use nature as an analog as much as possible to create that system of a coniferous forest with a riparian corridor dominated by willows and alders.”

A riparian corridor is the section of floodplain closest to the creek channel. At Sullivan Creek, it’s a work in progress. Engineers first sifted through 100 years of accumulated pond sediment to try and rediscover the original channel and imitate its outlines as closely as possible. They installed logjams along the channel to create scour pools and other features for fish habitat. Woody debris was then scattered across the surrounding floodplain, ready to move with the next high flow and help gently reshape the creek over the coming years.

Moving into the future

“I don’t want to be so pompous as an engineer to say, ‘I’m going to build a channel and it’s going to stay here in perpetuity.’ We know the creek is certainly going to move over time,” Dixon said. “There’s a temporal component to everything that we see out here. But essentially, the stream will mature and the views that we have today will probably be nonexistent in 15, 20 years because of the forest that’s going to grow up around us.”

Guided by nature, and a lot of engineering, Sullivan Creek is learning to make itself at home. Learn more about the project at

Wednesday, September 4, 2019

How could our Brownfields program help your community?

Travel through a community of any size and you’re likely to see old gas stations, shuttered industrial facilities, or former farms – all of which may have environmental contamination. These abandoned or underutilized properties are known as brownfields. Our Brownfields Program helps put them back into use, allowing communities to bring their redevelopment visions to life.

Remediation realized

Ecology works with local governments, non-profits, tribes, and community stakeholders across Washington who are interested in cleaning up brownfields. We can help match your project to one or more of the wide range of federal and state funding and technical assistance opportunities.

Need inspiration to get your brownfield project going? Watch Palouse Mayor Michael Echanove share how his city partnered with Ecology and others to clean up the abandoned, contaminated Palouse Producers property on their main street:

Have a project of your own in mind? We invite you to join our Washington-Brownfields email list to receive updates about our efforts to support communities with redevelopment.

Learn more online

Following on the success of our 2019 Washington State Brownfields Conference, our updated brownfields website includes more information about funding opportunities, how to locate brownfield properties in your community, and access to print materials and presentations from the conference.

If you missed the conference, visit the Center for Creative Land Recycling blog, where they recapped the highlights in their “Brownfield Spotlight in Spokane” June 6 post. Big thanks to the Northwest Environmental Business Council and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, as well as to our sponsors, session presenters, and attendees for bringing your knowledge and interest to this important topic! We’ll use feedback received on the follow-up survey to plan future conferences and workshops.

Upcoming events