Friday, May 10, 2019

Central and Eastern Washington: Prepare for dust storm season

Every spring through fall, residents in Central and Eastern Washington are faced with the threat of dust storms. Dry conditions allow strong winds to pick up soil and blow it into vast clouds that can wreak havoc on the health and safety of anyone in their path.



Since the mid-1990s, dust storms have been occurring less frequently in Washington because farmers are using better management practices, such as soil erosion prevention techniques. For example, in the early ‘90s, Kennewick had seven dust storms in just one year! In more recent years, dust storms have become far more rare.


How we help protect you

Ecology and local clean air agencies monitor the air for dust and other types of air pollution. You can track air quality in your area and check on the levels on Ecology’s Air Quality Monitoring site.   


In Washington, we measure air quality using the Washington Air Quality Advisory (WAQA). The color-coded WAQA categories show when air quality is good, moderate, unhealthy, or hazardous:

Ecology recently finished a High Wind Fugitive Dust Mitigation Plan. In this plan, Ecology will continue to focus on agricultural sources that contribute dust to areas around Kennewick during high wind events. We will convene a High Wind Dust Prevention Workgroup made up of Ecology staff, conservation districts, and the Benton Clean Air Agency. Ecology works with these local partners to promote voluntary, soil erosion prevention practices.


What you can do

When the winds are strong and the ground is parched, it can be hard to avoid dust. However, you can help reduce airborne dust by driving slower on unpaved roads and by postponing projects at home that stir up dust.


How dust storms affect your health 

When inhaled, tiny dust particles can settle deep into your lungs and irritate or damage sensitive tissues in the respiratory system. These tiny particles, known as particulate matter, or PM10, are about one-seventh the size of a human hair. Those most at risk are infants, small children, people with asthma, those with respiratory issues, the elderly, and those who engage in strenuous outdoor activities.


What to do during a dust storm

Protect yourself during a dust storm by:

  • Staying indoors as much as possible.
  • Closing windows, doors, and vents.
  • Covering your nose and mouth.
  • Wearing a mask designed to block dust particles.
  • Watching for sudden changes in visibility while driving.
  • Avoid driving during windy conditions when windblown dust is likely.
  • Pulling over and turn on headlights as a safety precaution.

How to be alerted

Sign up for National Weather Service Wireless Emergency Alerts  to receive high wind warnings. Weather.gov has links to a number of alert services.


For more information

Contact the clean air agency for your area:
  • Benton Clean Air Agency: 509-783-1304
  • Ecology Central Regional Office: 509-575-2490
  • Ecology Eastern Regional Office: 509-329-3400
  • EPA Region 10 - Tribal Lands: 1-877-424-4372
  • Spokane Regional Clean Air Agency: 509-477-4727
  • Yakima Regional Clean Air Agency: 509-834-2050

Watch for future stories on: 


  • Ecology, Benton County Clean Air Agency, and local conservation districts will meet to discuss efforts to reduce soil erosion and dust sources in Eastern Washington's Horse Heaven Hills.
  • Field tours in Benton and Franklin counties to promote and reduce soil erosion. 
By Kim Vaughn, Air Quality Communications

Thursday, May 9, 2019

Kicking off American Wetlands Month by securing $4.5 million in federal conservation grants

Skookum Valley wetland aquisition site in Mason County. A federal grant will help the Squaxin Island Tribe acquire, restore and permanently protect wetlands and shorelines at the site.
Skookum Valley wetland acquisition site in Mason County. We secured a $564,000 federal grant to help our Squaxin Island Tribe partner acquire, restore and permanently protect wetlands and shorelines along Skookum Creek that drains to Puget Sound. Photo courtesy Doug Ridenour.
To help celebrate Washington’s wetlands during May—American Wetlands Month—we’re delighted to share we have secured five National Coastal Wetlands Conservation grants worth $4.5 million.

This year, the federal grant program will help local partners including tribal governments and nonprofit land trusts acquire, restore, and enhance about 400 acres of coastal wetlands in Clallam, Mason, Pierce, and Thurston counties. All five projects will help recover salmon that Washington’s endangered Southern Resident orca whales depend on for survival.

The program is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and funded in part through taxes paid on equipment and fuel purchases by recreational anglers and boaters. Established in 1990, the federal conservation program provides up to $1 million for individual wetland projects in coastal and Great Lake states as well as U.S. territories.

Wetlands essential for Washington economic, environmental health

Washington’s wetlands are essential for sustaining the state’s economic and environmental health. Wetlands act as a natural sponge, helping control flooding and erosion by catching and slowing down melting snow and surface water runoff from storms. They purify water by filtering sediments and trapping excess nutrients and pollutants such as heavy metals. Wetlands also hold much of the surface water that trickles through the soil and recharges our underground drinking water aquifers.

If communities had to replace the flood control and water treatment functions Washington’s wetlands naturally provide, the costs could far outweigh the expense of preserving them. A 2008 independent study by Earth Economics found fresh water wetlands in the Puget Sound regional alone could be worth more than $10 billion to the state economy.

Productive ecosystems rivaling rain forests and coral reefs

Our wetlands also offer important refuge for wildlife and fish, including salmon, and places for people to boat, fish, and enjoy other recreation activities. Wetlands bordering or close to the marine waters of Puget Sound and Pacific Ocean can be among the most productive ecosystems in the world, rivaling rain forests and coral reefs. Wetlands also help mitigate climate change by absorbing greenhouse gases.

Although only states can apply for National Coastal Wetlands Conservation grants, we work closely with land trusts, local and tribal governments, and other entities to identify conservation projects in Washington and develop wetland restoration and protection proposals for consideration by USFWS.

Since 2008, we have helped secure federal funding and provided technical assistance for acquisition and restoration projects totaling more than $100 million to conserve more than 11,000 acres of Washington’s coastal wetlands.

This year, Ecology received 22 percent of the total $20.3 million in coastal wetlands grants USFWS awarded nationally. The Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife also received a $1 million USFWS grant to restore a coastal wetland in lower Hood Canal.

Washington’s 2019 coastal wetland conservation projects

Working with local partners, the 2019 federal grants Ecology secured will be used to help fund the following coastal wetland enhancement and restoration projects:


Baird Cove site in Thurston County. Photo courtesy Eric Erler.
Baird Cove Acquisition ($995,000)—Working in partnership with the Nisqually Land Trust to acquire an 88-acre estuarine complex in Thurston County on the east side of Johnson Point in southern Puget Sound, including more than 4,200 feet of intact estuarine shoreline, pristine coastal wetlands and mature forest.





Elwha Estuary Place site, Clallam County.
Elwha Estuary Place site, Clallam County. Photo by John Gussman.
 Elwha Estuary Place Acquisition ($1 million)—This collaborative project with the Coastal Watershed Institute will conserve historic Elwha River estuary wetlands and restore marine shoreline along the river delta in Clallam County.








Skookum Valley Wetland Acquisition ($564,000)—Working in partnership with the Squaxin Island Tribe, the funding will be used to help acquire and permanently protect 158 acres of wetlands and shorelines along Skookum Creek that flows directly to Puget Sound in Mason County.


Sound View Camp property in Pierce County.
Sound View Camp property in Pierce County.
Sound View Camp Conservation Easement ($950,000)—We are working with our Nisqually Land Trust partner to acquire a permanent conservation easement to protect Sound View Camp, a 93-acre waterfront property on Drayton Passage in southern Puget Sound in Pierce County.


West Oakland Bay restoration site in Mason County
West Oakland Bay restoration site, Mason County.
Photo courtesy Anchor Environmental.




West Oakland Bay Restoration Phase 2 ($1 million)—Working with our Squaxin Island Tribe partner to put the second phase of restoring critical coastal wetlands in place in West Oakland Bay in Mason County. The project will restore 28 acres of saltmarsh, lost when an industrial harbor was created more than a century ago.




Wetlands tools and resources 

Want to know more? We provide technical assistance and development tools for local governments, consultants, and developers regarding the responsible management, regulation, and stewardship of state wetlands.

Wednesday, May 8, 2019

Ecology taking action to support orca and salmon recovery

Rulemaking could boost survival of salmon in Snake and Columbia rivers

There are many efforts happening to help support orca and salmon recovery in Washington. Governor Inslee has directed Ecology to take the necessary steps to allow increased water to spill over the Snake and Columbia River dams during the spring season, with the end goal of helping more juvenile salmon reach the ocean. This work is also reflected in the Southern Resident Orca Task Force recommendations to the Governor.
McNary Dam on the Columbia River
(U.S. Army Corps of Engineers)


To allow more water to spill over dams for improved salmon passage, we must change our water quality standard rules to increase Total Dissolved Gas (TDG) levels in the Snake and Columbia rivers. Current scientific modeling shows that increased spill could lead to more juvenile salmon reaching the ocean. We expect that this would lead to more salmon adults in the ocean and more adults returning to the rivers to spawn.

The rule change would apply to the ‘spring spill season’ – generally from early April through June, when large amounts of runoff from melting snowpack typically lead to high water flows in the Columbia and Snake River systems. The spring spill season is also when juvenile salmon are migrating out to the ocean and when adult Spring Chinook and sockeye are migrating up river to spawn.

At this time, we are in the rule development phase to change the allowable TDG level. We are opening a comment period on the scope of the Environmental Impact statement (EIS) until May 29. The EIS will review the potential for aquatic life impacts of more TDG from increased spill.

This might sound familiar

In March 2019, we issued a short-term modification to allow increased TDG during the spring spill season at the eight federal dams on the lower Snake and Columbia rivers. We wrote a blog post when we were working on the short-term modification. Without a rule change, the short-term modification will expire after the 2021 spill season.

What is Total Dissolved Gas?

Increasing the water spilling over a dam can push air into the water and increase TDG. TDG is mostly made up of nitrogen and oxygen gases that are trapped in the water and produce pressure (see figure below). This pressure in the water column is measured relative to atmospheric gases which means more gases in the water than in the air is considered supersaturated. TDG is recorded as a percentage - 100% is normal or “in equilibrium” with the atmosphere. Water above 100% TDG is considered “supersaturated”. For example, 110% TDG is creating 10% more pressure in the water column than normal.

graphic showing that as water plunges over a dam it can trap air and concentrate supersaturated water at the bottom just below the spill area
As water plunges over a dam it can trap more gas and can become super saturated.
Graphic used with permission from University of Iowa IIHR Hydroscience and Engineering

Why do we limit Total Dissolved Gas?

A close up of a fish head with bubbles formed in the tissue under the eye and on the gill flap
Gas bubbles on the gill flap and under the eye of this fish
The pressure created by TDG can lead to gas bubble trauma for aquatic life. Gas bubble trauma can occur when gas bubbles form in the tissue of fish and other aquatic life. Increased TDG could have a harmful effect on salmon and resident species like white sturgeon and mountain whitefish. It may also affect aquatic invertebrates. Species that are more mobile can avoid areas with high TDG, while others cannot. The EIS reviews the potential for aquatic life impacts of more TDG from increased spill.


Why increase spill at dams?


Although spill increases TDG, studies demonstrate that the dam spillways are safer routes for fish migrating downstream. Fish that pass over the dam with spill waters have higher survival rates than those that pass through the turbines.

What happens next?

This is the development phase of the rule. Right now, you can comment on the scope of the EIS, until May 29. At this time, we expect comments on alternatives, mitigation measures, adverse impacts, and any other considerations we should include in the EIS. In the coming months, we expect to have a proposed rule available for public comment.

Unrelated to changes to the TDG criteria for the Columbia and Snake rivers, we are also considering revisions to the surface water quality standards to address several additional changes, including those needed to meet legal obligations, align shellfish criteria with Department of Health requirements, and clarify descriptions for marine aquatic life uses. You’ll see these mentioned in the CR-101 and the scoping notice for the Draft EIS. There will be an opportunity to comment on the proposed changes in the coming months.

Visit the rulemaking webpage for additional information and instructions on how to comment.

Learn more about Ecology’s role in the Orca Task Force.

Tuesday, May 7, 2019

Brownfields Funding and Training Opportunities

We are encouraging Washingtonians to apply for two opportunities offered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Environmental Workforce Development and Job Training Grants – Apply by June 10, 2019

Environmental contractors investigating contamination at the
Palouse Producers brownfield site that received Integrated
Planning Grant funding from Ecology.
EPA is accepting proposals from eligible entities, including nonprofit organizations, to deliver
Environmental Workforce Development and Job Training (EWDJT) programs that recruit, train, and place local, unemployed, and under-employed residents with the skills needed to secure full-time employment in the environmental field.

A critical part of EPA’s EWDJT program is to further environmental justice by ensuring that residents living in communities historically affected by economic disinvestment, health disparities, and environmental contamination, including low-income, minority, and tribal communities, have an opportunity to reap the benefits of revitalization and environmental cleanup.

Recreation Economy for Rural Communities planning assistance – Apply by May 31, 2019

Communities are invited to apply for planning assistance from Recreation Economy for Rural Communities. Successful applicants will work with a planning team to help their communities bring together local residents and other stakeholders to decide on strategies and an action plan to grow the local outdoor recreation economy. The planning assistance process will take place over a period of four to six months, with a focal point being a two-day, facilitated community workshop. Participants will work together to identify a vision, goals, and specific actions to realize the locally set goals.

Partner communities are encouraged to pursue activities that foster environmentally friendly community development and Main Street revitalization through the conservation and sustainable use of public or private forests or other natural resources.

Wednesday, May 1, 2019

Ecology seeks comments on draft general permit for industrial stormwater

Attend one of the six workshops around the state


When rain or snow melt run off surfaces such as rooftops, paved streets, highways, and parking lots, we call it stormwater. Stormwater can pick up pollutants that contaminate local water bodies and potentially harm fish and other aquatic life. We use stormwater permits to protect the water quality of Washington’s lakes, rivers, and marine waters.


Industrial buildings with containers around and clean cement.
An example of one of the 1,200 industrial sites in Washington
that fall under the general permit.
Stormwater can also pick up pollutants from factories and businesses. The Industrial Stormwater General Permit helps ensure industrial facilities meet federal and state regulations to protect Washington’s water quality. Industrial facilities that are similar in their processes and types of stormwater runoff fall under this general permit. We require many types of industrial sites in Washington to monitor, measure, and reduce stormwater pollution leaving their facilities.

We update the Industrial Stormwater General Permit every five years. As part of this process, we invite the public to give feedback on the proposed draft permit from May 1 until June 29, 2019.

What are the proposed changes?

We are proposing to add two new business sectors, based on public input during the last permit update and our experience with facilities in these categories. Businesses in these new sectors would need to apply for coverage under the industrial permit. We expect this will add about 50 new permitees.
  • Heavy machinery rental yards that handle large earthmoving equipment, heavy trucks, log loaders, etc. This excludes businesses that provide equipment rental for home use. This category is of concern as it involves machinery stored and repaired outside and has the potential to cause oil, metals, and other pollution from the equipment and maintenance activities to go into the stormwater system. 
  • Marine Construction storage facilities where construction materials and machinery are stored and maintained. This would not cover construction that occurs in marine waters, but does cover land-based storage yards. Pollutants of concern are metals, oil, solids, and other pollutants based on location and type of construction.

Other permit changes include:

Stacked bunches of logs with equipment for moving the logs, mud free of any bark or debris.
An example of a clean log yard using good bark management.
  • Changing the timing of First Fall Storm Event sampling– this is the first precipitation event leading to discharge of stormwater after the dry season. Pollutants generally accumulate over the dry season and are washed out during the first fall storms, making it important data to catch. Based on climate data for the state, we propose to move the timing of when to begin monitoring for the First Fall Storm Event from October 1, to September 1.
  • Revising requirements for Consistent Attainment – If businesses consistently meet their benchmarks over two years, they may be able to reduce monitoring to once a year for three years. We are proposing to require one fourth quarter sample to verify that permittees are still meeting the requirements for reduced monitoring.

A full list of changes between the last permit and the new draft permit can be found in the permit factsheet.

Listening to stakeholders throughout the process

We received feedback from many stakeholders during early engagement on this update process. From June to November 2018, we held several listening sessions in eastern and western Washington and gathered email and online comments with specific input. We considered these comments as we developed the draft permit.

How to comment

An example of a clean site using source control over equipment.
See the overhang on the building on the right that prevents stormwater
contact with outdoor equipment
We have now opened our formal comment period, and we invite comments on the draft documents from May 1 through June 29, 2019. You can find the draft permit and supporting documents, as well as other information on our webpage. You can submit comments using our online comment system.

We will also hold a series of workshops and public hearings, during which you can learn about the proposed changes to the permit and provide formal comment. Information on workshops and public hearings can be found on our public events page.

Once we close the comment period, we will review and respond to comments. Our response to comments will be included in the final permit documents. We intend to make a final decision on updating the permit in Fall 2019.

Preventing runoff pollution

When we cover the land with hardened surfaces like roads, parking lots, sub-divisions and shopping malls, we restrict its ability to soak up water and naturally filter out pollution. To allow for businesses to grow we provide tools to help people, businesses, and local governments manage their runoff pollution.  Learn more about stormwater runoff and what you can do about it.


Tuesday, April 30, 2019

Hanford’s PUREX tunnels: It’s time for the next chapter

Hanford’s PUREX Tunnel 2 no longer poses a threat of collapse.

Congratulations to the U.S. Department of Energy for quickly and safely completing its mission to stabilize the tunnel by filling it with concrete. We are now starting to work with Energy to determine the ultimate fate of the tunnel’s highly radioactive contents.

It might seem to have been a simple, easy solution: after the roof of a tunnel containing radioactive waste partially collapsed, workers filled that tunnel (Tunnel 1) and its much larger and longer companion (Tunnel 2) with concrete to prevent any possibility of further collapses.

But, like most things Hanford, the decisions we made regarding the PUREX tunnels were neither simple nor easy.

PUREX Tunnel 2 under construction in the 1960s.



Here’s a recap.
  • On May 9, 2017, Hanford workers discovered an 8-foot hole in the roof of Tunnel 1, exposing its highly radioactive contents and potentially releasing radioactive contaminants into the air (fortunately, no releases were detected).
  • Within 24 hours, we ordered Energy to quickly determine the cause of the collapse and develop a plan to address it. The order covered both tunnels.
  • Energy said the best emergency solution was to fill Tunnel 1 with concrete. We approved that plan, and by the end of the year the tunnel was filled.
  • After video inspection inside Tunnel 2 and a study by a national panel of experts, Energy concluded that the second tunnel also was at serious risk of collapse, and that, again, concrete was the best solution.
  • We eventually approved the plan for Tunnel 2. Work to fill Tunnel 2 began last fall and has just now successfully concluded.

Strong views on both sides

There were passionate arguments both for and against using concrete in Tunnel 2. 

We stand by our decision. But we listened to, and understood, those who disagreed.

Critics of using concrete made their objections known almost from the beginning. They had valid concerns – chief among them the fear that, once encased in concrete, the tunnel waste will never be moved.

Another major issue was the public’s ability to influence the decisions.

While we vigorously support the public’s right to comment on major Hanford cleanup decisions, the gaping hole leading to a tunnel filled with radioactive waste – and the very real threat of further collapses – justified an emergency response for Tunnel 1. We held a joint public information meeting with Energy, but it was not a traditional public comment session, and work on the tunnel proceeded on an emergency basis.

Ensuring time for public comment

Still, we insisted on two things (among others): that the concrete be formulated such that it could be cut into blocks and eventually removed; and that we go through the full public comment process to determine the best course for Tunnel 2. 

We worked closely with Energy to expedite work on Tunnel 1. After the panel of experts recommended concrete for Tunnel 2, Energy held a public comment period and meeting in early 2018.

For this kind of work on Hanford, the process is clear and has been used countless times. Energy proposes a permit change to allow new work, then holds a comment period. We review the proposal and the public comments, ask for changes and necessary documentation, then we hold a comment period. Then we review the proposal and the new comments received, make any required changes, and issue (or deny) the permit.

For Tunnel 2, several months elapsed after Energy’s public comment period before we received all the documentation we required from Energy before we could move ahead with our comment period.

Meanwhile, Energy awarded contracts to start filling Tunnel 2 with concrete. We made it clear we would not allow concrete to flow until the public had a chance to weigh in.

Public comment or immediate action?

At that point – mid-summer 2018 – we were caught between two opposing forces. 

Energy wanted to move forward immediately with concrete – before our comment period had even started. To bolster its position, it released images from Tunnel 2’s interior that showed corrosion in the metal supports at one end of the tunnel. 

Opponents wanted public meetings and asked us to deny permission to use concrete.

We insisted on carrying through with a public hearing and a full public comment period. Although, again, we feel strongly that we were looking out for the public’s right to influence Hanford decisions, local Tri-City community leaders sharply criticized us for not allowing the concrete work to begin immediately – a move that would have prevented meaningful public comment.

We prohibited concrete to flow, but we did allow Energy’s contractors to set up equipment so that work could begin as soon as (if and when) we issued our approval.

Priority: prevent another collapse

In the end, we provided two opportunities for public comment – one in the Tri-Cities in late August and one in Seattle in early September – and we allowed the public comment period to run to its full conclusion. Our staff reviewed public comments as they came in, and stayed up into the night after the comment period ended to review the last-minute submissions.

They concluded that, while we agree there were valid concerns about using concrete in the tunnel, those concerns did not outweigh the threat to health and safety should another collapse release radioactive contamination.

The day after the public comment period ended, we allowed work to proceed. And now that work is done.

But the story of the PUREX tunnels hasn’t ended. Next year, we expect to begin the process to determine ultimate disposition of the waste in the tunnels. Potential answers include sawing the concrete into blocks and moving it to the large engineered on-site landfill where most of the rest of Hanford’s contaminated soil and equipment has been placed.

By Randy Bradbury, Nuclear Waste Program

Recognize your #OrcaHero during Puget Sound Starts Here Month!




Do you know a person or group who deserves recognition for helping prevent stormwater pollution?Give them their time to shine as an #OrcaHero by posting their story on Facebook, with a tag to the@PugetSoundStartsHere Facebook page through May.

 
Puget Sound Starts Here Month is a great way for you to connect, educate and empower yourself, your friends and your community to use simple actions and volunteer locally to help Puget Sound and the orcas that swim there. This year’s theme is Orca Health Starts Here! This highlights the fact that orca recovery starts with clean water and good habitat.

 Who can be an #OrcaHero?

An #OrcaHero can be an individual or any number of people who consistently take even simple actions to prevent stormwater pollution. For example, people who pick up after their dogs or build and keep rain gardens show commitment to clean water. Other simple orca heroics could include:

·         Natural yard care.
·         Volunteering on restoration efforts.
·         Using green stormwater infrastructure.
·         Proper disposal of toxic wastes and pharmaceuticals.
·         Reducing plastic waste.
·         Any of the many other recommendations from the Orca Task Force report and Puget Sound Starts Here’s “Take Action” tab.

How to recognize your #OrcaHero

When you post your #OrcaHero’s story on Facebook, please tag it with @PugetSoundStartsHere, and include:

·         Nominee’s name (person or organization).
·         City where the nominee works or lives. And, tag that city!
·         Name and tag of the person or organization nominating the hero.
·         Reason for recognizing: Tell us what your hero does to help orcas by preventing stormwater pollution.
·         With your hero’s permission, include a photo of them doing their orca heroics.
Some of the #OrcaHeroes will be featured on Puget Sound Starts Here’s Facebook page all month and on thier website’s new #OrcaHero page.
 

Why we all need to help

Millions of pounds of toxic pollution enter Puget Sound every year. Much of it washes to the Sound in rainwater, when it flows over hard surfaces like houses, parking lots, driveways and streets. The rainwater picks up pollution along the way. Most of this polluted runoff is not treated. It flows through ditches or storm drains and into local waterways and on to the sound.
 The over 80 local governments, state agencies and non-profit groups of Puget Sound Starts Here are working together and with you to keep pollutants out of this stormwater. This work must undo more than 100 years of pollution and environmental degradation, all while balancing the needs of people and the environment.
Clean water and healthy shorelines support a vibrant food web. Everything that helps salmon and the smaller fish they eat – and the even smaller critters the small fish eat! – helps orcas, which eat the salmon!

 

 
About Puget Sound Starts Here
 
Puget Sound Starts Here is an education campaign promoted by more than 750 organizations in the 12 counties that touch the sound. Members include state agencies, local governments, tribes, and non-profit organizations. All do work to clean up and protect Puget Sound and the waterways that flow into it.
 Puget Sound Starts Here Month raises awareness that Puget Sound is in trouble from a variety of pollution sources, and that simple actions and local volunteer opportunities truly make a difference. Learn more about the bounty of Puget Sound and how you can help protect it at www.PugetSoundStartsHere.org.
 With the Orca Health Starts Here theme, Puget Sound Starts Here Month joins with other orca recovery campaigns and efforts throughout Washington. These include Orca Action Month in June and Orca Recovery Day in the fall.
 
By Justine Asohmbom, Shorelines and Stormwater Education Manager